- Tube feeding, also called enteral nutrition, is a way food and drink can get into the body if a person is unable to eat/drink or unable to eat/drink enough. Food in liquid form, formula, fluids and medicine can be given through a tube into the stomach or small intestine.
- There are different types of feeding tubes and a doctor will determine what type of tube is required based on the person's needs. Common feeding tubes are:
- A nasogastric tube - often called an NG-tube. This tube is inserted through the nose and runs down to the stomach. It is used for short term tube feeding.
- A nasojejunal tube - often called an NJ-tube or Transpyloric (TP). This tube is inserted through the nose and runs through the stomach and down to the jejunum (small intestine).
- A gastrostomy tube - sometimes called a G-tube. This tube is inserted into the stomach through a small opening made in the abdominal wall. They include a PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy) and low profile device/button (balloon and non-balloon).
- A jejunal or jejunostomy tube/button (skin level device) – sometimes called a J-tube. This tube is inserted into the jejunum (small intestine) through a small opening in the abdominal wall.
- A gastrojejunal or gastro-jejunostomy tube/button (skin level device) – sometimes called a GJ-tube. This is a longer tube inserted through the gastrostomy opening and passed down into the jejunum (small intestine).